The Conditional Tense

The Conditional Tense, Part. II

The Conditional Tense usage is not so easy to get used to but with some practice and more information from The Conditional Tense, Part. I you will surely learn how to do it.
In part I, we discussed how we can use the conditional tenses to talk about things that might happen in the past, present, and future. In part II, we'll be looking at how we actually conjugate all the conditional tenses. (You can refer back to part I for help with the terms used here.)

Simple action

As with other tenses, conditionals can occur in the past, present, or future, which means that they need to be conjugated accordingly. (For a refresher, check back to "The Writer's Guide to Tense, Pt. I and II" We'll be using a lot of those terms here.) For each time frame, we can also differentiate between real and unreal situations.

Present conditional (real)

For real conditions, the present continuous is used to discuss something that you normally do, i.e., something that you do often or always in the same way. The construction for present conditionals is:
If/When ... dependent clause (in simple present), ... independent clause (in simple present).
or
Independent clause (in simple present) ... if/when ... dependent clause (in simple present).
Examples
If I make dinner on the weekends, I usually cook spaghetti.
I usually cook spaghetti if I make dinner on the weekends.
When the train gets here, we need to be ready to go.
We need to be ready to go when the train gets here.

Present conditional (unreal)

For imaginary situations, the present condition is used to describe something that you would normally do under certain made-up conditions. The construction is:
If ... dependent clause (in simple past), ... independent clause (modal + verb in present).
or
Independent clause (modal + verb in present) ... if ... dependent clause (in simple past).
Examples
If I bought a new house, I would have space for all my bikes.
I would have space for all my bikes if I bought a new house.
If I ate all the cake, there would be none left for you.
There would be no cake left for you if I ate all of it.

Past conditional (real)

The past conditional is used to describe things that used to happen regularly in the past but don't happen anymore. In this tense, the word if indicates something that happened infrequently, while when shows that it happened regularly. The construction is:
If/When...dependent clause (in simple past),...independent clause (in simple past).
or
Independent clause (in simple past) ... if/when ... dependent clause (in simple past).
Examples
If I had homework to do for school, I stayed up late.
I stayed up late if I had homework to do for school.
When I owned a dog, I walked it every day.
I walked my dog every day when I owned one.

Past conditional (unreal)

The past conditional is also used to talk about imaginary situations in the past, for instance, to discuss how something could have turned differently under different conditions. The construction is:
If ... dependent clause (in past perfect), ... independent clause (modal + have + past participle).
or
Independent clause (modal + have + past participle) ... if ... dependent clause (in past perfect).
Examples
If I had called my sister, she would have known I was coming.
My sister would have known I was coming if I had called her.
If he had arrived earlier, he could have eaten some cake.
He could have eaten some cake if he had arrived earlier.

Future conditional (real)

The future conditional describes what you think would happen under specific circumstances in the future. It's not technically "real" since it hasn't happened yet, but it might be real under the conditions specified in the sentence. The construction is:
If/When ... dependent clause (in simple present), ... independent clause (in simple future).
or
Independent clause (in simple future) ... if/when ... dependent clause (in simple present).
Examples
If you eat all the cake, there will not be any left for me.
There will not be any cake left for me if you eat it all.
When my sister arrives, she will want to play with the dogs.
My sister will want to play with the dogs when she arrives.

Future conditional (unreal)

The unreal future conditional is used to describe imaginary events in the future. Since whenever we talk about the future we're imagining what might happen, this tense is usually reserved for situations that are particularly unlikely to happen. The future condition has several constructions:
If ... dependent clause (in simple past), ... independent clause (modal + verb in simple present).
or
Independent clause (modal + verb in simple present) ... if ... dependent clause (in simple past).
Examples
If I got the job, I would be able to afford a new car.
I would be able to afford a new car if I got the job.
If you get a day off work, you should go visit your mother.
You should go visit your mother if you get a day off work.
If ... dependent clause (were going to + verb), ... independent clause (would be + present participle)
or
Independent clause (would be + present participle) ... if ... dependent clause (were going to + verb)
Examples
If I were going to be out of work early enough, I would be at your party.
I would be at your party if I were going to be out of work early enough.
If we were going to be at the beach this summer, we could learn to swim.
We could learn to swim if we were going to be at the beach this summer.

Continuous action

All of the previous tenses were for simple actions, that is, actions that had clear beginning and end. We can also use conditionals to discuss continuous actions that take place over a longer time period. These are used for unreal situations.

Present continuous conditional

The present continuous conditional describes imaginary events that could be happening at this moment under particular circumstances.
If ... dependent clause (were + present participle), ... independent clause (modal + be + present participle).
or
Independent clause (modal + be + present) ... if ... dependent clause (were + present participle).
Examples
If it were raining, we would be wet right now.
We would be wet right now if it were raining.
If I were standing on the deck, I would be able to see the shore.
I would be able to see the shore if I were standing on the deck.

Past continuous conditional

The past continuous conditional describes imaginary situations that would have occurred over a period of time in the past. They have the construction:
If ... dependent clause (had been + present participle), ... independent clause (modal + have been + present participle).
or
Independent clause (modal + have been + present participle) ... if ... dependent clause (had been + present participle).
Examples
If I had been waiting, I would have been mad you were late.
I would have been mad you were late if I had been waiting.
If he hadn't been singing so loudly, I would have heard the doorbell.
I would have heard the doorbell if he hadn't been singing so loudly.

Future continuous conditional

The future continuous conditional is used to discuss the results of imaginary scenarios that will take place in the future. Note that the construction is identical to the present continuous conditional; the future tense is indicated by adding time-related words like tomorrow or next year.
If ... dependent clause (were + present participle), ... independent clause (model + be + present participle).
or
Independent clause (modal + be + present) ... if ... dependent clause (were + present participle).
Examples
If she were camping in the park next week, she would be able to see the meteors.
She would be able to see the meteors if she were camping in the park next week.
If I were staying with my parents over the vacation, I could afford a new phone.
I could afford a new phone if I were staying with my parents over the vacation.

Mixed tenses

It's also possible to have if/then statements that cross over several time period. For example, when I say "If I had left earlier, I would be arriving on time," I'm discussing how an imagined past even (if I had left earlier) is affecting a future event (arriving on time). These constructions are simply formed by mixing and matching the tenses from above. In the earlier example, the past conditional is used to discuss the event in the past, and the future conditional is used to discuss the future results. Below are a few more examples:
Past/present:If I had taken the money, I would own a new house by now.
Present/past:If I were happier, I would have enjoyed the trip we took yesterday.
Present/future:If he were older, I would take him with me to see the movie tomorrow.
Future/past:If I were running the marathon tomorrow, I would have gone to bed early last night.
Future/present:If she were going to be at the mall tomorrow, I would tell her to buy me a book.

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 124157
ID 124157

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
(97.2%)
8 review about writer 124157

1394 written pages

156 orders

136 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 101630
ID 101630

MBA, PMP, ITIL

Rating 99.5%
(99.5%)
7 review about writer 101630

4028 written pages

504 orders

484 a+ papers

I am an MBA, PMP, ITIL writer that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 92859
ID 92859

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 99.1%
(99.1%)
9 review about writer 92859

2115 written pages

707 orders

665 a+ papers

I am an MS in Human Resource Management and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 89474
ID 89474

RN, MSN, PCN, PHN

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
6 review about writer 89474

4555 written pages

913 orders

831 a+ papers

As a medical worker (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 124855
ID 124855

MPA, MHA

Rating 99.9%
(99.9%)
8 review about writer 124855

489 written pages

62 orders

61 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 84133
ID 84133

DNP, BA, APN, PMHNP-BC

Rating 100%
(100%)
9 review about writer 84133

1583 written pages

529 orders

508 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 102166
ID 102166

PhD in American History

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
8 review about writer 102166

2907 written pages

416 orders

399 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 47072
ID 47072

MA, PsyD, LMFT

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
7 review about writer 47072

21030 written pages

2630 orders

2288 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99022
ID 99022

MEd, NCC, LPC, LMFT

Rating 97.1%
(97.1%)
9 review about writer 99022

1605 written pages

268 orders

260 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 107367
ID 107367

MSW, LICSWA, DSW-C

Rating 99.1%
(99.1%)
8 review about writer 107367

3095 written pages

345 orders

335 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51
Confidentiality

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.

Quality

All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.

Communication

Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.

Authorship

You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert

Originality

All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.

Samples

You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
63,000
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9/10
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92%
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #4909

Hate all these essays and research papers, but you made it very exciting to read! I hadn't actually read it well enough and got a B, but no complaints :)

Customer #4696

I've never used writing services before in my life. I'm very consistent and independent, but this book report just caught me off guard. I always make a list of my assignments, but somehow I've missed it this time, and the only thing that saved me from failing my literature class is you!

Estimated Deadline: Sunday, Nov 08 4:05 PM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

services
Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
binder1
binder2
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of BestCustomWriting.com

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot