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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Everything that happens around us has something causing it to happen and causes something itself. Usually, it is called the ripple or domino effect that never stops. For us, people, it is quite natural to analyze the reasons or causes behind particular actions or events that we witness on a daily basis. Moreover, in the world of academic writing, there is a specific task that helps you develop your ability to determine causes and predict certain outcome.

A cause and effect essay is precisely that type of assignments most students would get. However, this academic task is not an easy nut to crack! Furthermore, there are too many hinges on the academician's qualification in this area. Some students can meet any challenge with ease, but others might struggle with such a task! Nevertheless, there is a winning cause-effect essay writing technique allowing you to complete this task almost without any difficulties. And, we are willing to provide you with detailed instructions on how to deal with this paper in the form of a particularized cause and effect essay structure showing all its writing secrets.

This post is devoted to the cause and effect essay definition, and all other issues students may face while coping with it. We'll try to cover all aspects because our overarching priority is to provide students with an effective instruction on how to meet this challenge.

What is a Cause and Effect Essay? Its Purpose and Features

A cause-effect essay is a piece of writing that provides an objective analysis of how a particular event leads to a specific result (usually another event which is the effect). There two ways you can go about, and both of them are equally efficient. The first one focuses on one cause and analyzes its effects. The second method flips the first one vice versa. The approach depends solely on your topic. But, mixing the two isn't a very good idea because the reader won't be able to see your focus clearly. Also, make sure that there is a solid logical connection between the events.

Cause and Effect Essay Writing Guide

Let's briefly list the main steps of writing a cause-effect essay and dive deeper into details further in the text. A step-by-step semi-instruction would probably look something like this:

  1. Carefully study your assignment requirements.
  2. Choose the focus: Effects or Causes?
  3. Try to find an example of a similar essay and analyze it.
  4. Select a topic (if you aren't given one).
  5. Gather and process all the relevant information about your topic.
  6. Write down your thesis statement.
  7. Thoroughly prepare a well-structured outline of the essay.
  8. Think about the hook you'll use in the introduction.
  9. Go for logically organized central body paragraphs.
  10. Double check your timeline for a proper causal relationship.
  11. Emphasize that your explanations are the most important ones.
  12. Build up a definite conclusion (shouldn't longer than your introduction).
  13. Make a break to clear your head (from a few hours to a day).
  14. Revise it and ask somebody to check it for vagueness or mistakes.
  15. Double check it for coherence and smooth transitions.

Looks complicated? Well, it isn't the easiest of them, to be fair. But it's not a challenge for our professionals to do it. Place the order in a few clicks and, poof, it's no longer your concern. Wait, what? You want to try and do it yourself? Not a problem! We will cover all the significant points from the list in the second half of this article. Settle in because there's going to be a lot of important stuff to consider.

The preparatory phase

Here, we'll look at the first five points of our guide.

Study task's details

The importance of this step is very often underestimated. Make sure to attentively go through the requirements for your assignment. You should be aware of the submission date, what citation style should be used and how you need to format your paper. Also, at this stage, you know whether you need to look for a topic yourself or you have a pool to choose from.

Pick your focus

Based on what your topic is, your body structure will be either effect-focused or cause-focused. The main difference lies in your central paragraphs. You either dedicate each body section to one effect or vice versa.

Examining a sample

It is an excellent way to see how a properly structured cause and effect essay should look like. Do not confine yourself to using only one example. Get a few of them to master various writing styles and types of text organization. Moreover, you can keep those around in case there are questions or uncertainties during the writing process.

Topic selection

Have to choose it yourself? Then this is a small but challenging brainstorm stage. Asking these questions might help you in developing a good topic for a cause-effect paper:

  • What would the outcome be?
  • Is there one main result and many causes?
  • Are there several results and only one cause?
  • Is there enough evidence to support the thesis statement?


To find as many relevant information as possible and reveal the real potential of the topic, you should look through various sources like thematic articles, books, websites, etc. While doing that, write the most important things down and keep track of the sources to include proper references. Remember that there might be certain restrictions imposed by your professor in terms of what you can use as your sources.

Cause and Effect Essay Structure: Concise and Logical

Earlier, we've talked about some of the things you need to know prior to writing this essay, and what the preparations include. But now, we'll look into them in more detail. One of the most important things is that you should always specify your ideas chronologically to let the readers keep track of the causality relationship. One can say with confidence that the cause and effect essay format is a prime example of how one must structure their ideas to avoid any mix-ups. The structure is significantly influenced by the focus choice you make. We have divided this section in accordance with its integral components so that you can navigate the article easily.

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay Smart

Now, first things first, you need to learn how to get started. Many academicians face problems while writing the introductory part. In very deed, if you can't find an effective technique on how to do it, you can skip this paragraph and opt for writing main paragraphs instead. Therefore, you can thumb through your paper once again and create the introductory sentences afterward.

In fact, the introduction of your cause and effect essay shouldn't feel lengthy or unjustifiably general. Otherwise, you risk losing the majority of your target audience. Commonly, the readers and professors rate an essay by its beginning. Hence, if it is packed with a myriad of dull or hollow sentences, no one will want to keep reading it. Thus, your primary goal is to make the writing more than satisfying. Take a look at some of the best techniques, which may help you succeed:

  • Shocking or peculiar statistics;
  • The harsh truth regarding the subject area;
  • A famous or controversial quote;
  • A cliff-hanger (just like in the TV shows);
  • Standing joke or anecdote.

By using one of those methods, you'll be able to make your reader want to go further and appreciate your creative and insightful paper.

Cause and Effect Essay Thesis Statement

Some believe that coming up with a thesis statement for a cause and effect essay is a real challenge! One of the reasons for that being its concurrent conciseness and meaningfulness. Also, it is where the focus is indicated clearly. To make your job easier, we suggest using the formula below:

Subject Area + Cause + Effect = Thesis Statement

E.g. - The (three) most harmful effects alcohol abuse has on our body.

Specifying the exact number of effects or causes is entirely up to you. Try to practice thesis statement writing by combining different variables. Eventually, it will be like a walk in the park for you.

Cause-Effect Essay Outline: Steps to Follow

The content of a cause and effect essay outline is contingent on the subject area. Even though the five-paragraph structure is generally used for this paper type, you can include more effects or causes if necessary. Also, keep in mind that many things depend on your sources and topic evaluation.

Sometimes, using theoretical material is not enough. Which is why we have prepared the following sample using the previous "alcohol" example:

  1. Introductory Part.
    • Hooking statistics: Annually, in the US, approximately 78000 people die from alcohol-related causes.
    • General information on a problem
    • Thesis st.: Alcohol abuse gradually destroys your organism.
  2. Central paragraphs are divisible into several results.
    • Effect 1: Heart Problems.
    • Effect 2: Liver Problems.
    • Effect 3: Carcinogenicity.
    • Why-it-is-important paragraph.
  3. Conclusion: Alcohol can be lethal. Moderate or zero consumption is advised.

If you draft the cause and effect essay outline in advance, you'll be able to cope with this assignment faster and submit a well-structured and catching essay, covering all major aspects. Besides, you won't lose any ideas as you proceed with your writing!

Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

It is the fundamental component of your work where you should provide clues on the matter and its causes. You need to define what event or situation is worth covering and describe all reasons it occured. It's a good idea to begin by stating facts in chronological order. If you don't want to miss anything important, you should also draft a cause and effect outline allowing you to keep things organized neatly.

When dealing with the central part, you should follow your layout if you have written one. For instance, if you have several ideas which require exploring, you can do so by studying the first one in the opening paragraph, the second one in the next paragraph, and so on. In case things happen too rapidly, you need to speed the events up a bit to show what caused some of the main effects. Keep in mind that all the body paragraphs of your cause and effect essay should follow one another.

Among other quite important aspects to consider are the timeline and evidence. The former is exceptionally important when it comes to History and historical events. Make sure that it is clear what causes what and when. The evidence comes into play when there can be too many reasons, and you need to point out only the most significant ones.

Nailing the Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The primary objective of the cause and effect essay conclusion is to come to a determination. Your overriding priority is to wrap up your ideas and write a definitive conclusion. Some experts recommend providing the same information mentioned in the thesis statement by paraphrasing it. Besides, you can also specify the significance of your findings and their possible influence on the advancement of this subject area in the future or simply summarize all the body paragraphs.

Remember that the concluding part should be concise, thought-provoking, and, most importantly, feel complete. In other words, having read your conclusion, the reader should clearly see your point and have the sense of accomplishment.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Deserving Your Attention

If your professor doesn't assign a topic to write about, and you have no time to spare on browsing the web for some cause and effect essay topics, you should definitely take a glance at what we have come up with:

  1. Can grandparents raise a toddler properly? How do they influence the behavior of children?
  2. What makes parents reduce the screen time of their kids? What software tools do they use to do this?
  3. What are the principal causes of divorce in the US?
  4. How does rivalry influence the relationships between two business partners-friends?
  5. How impure water influences the body? Analyze the main effects.
  6. What are the key impacts of aerial photography? Why this industry is useful for the development of modern technologies.
  7. Can poverty level increase influence the life of a middle-class person? Explain how.
  8. Analyze the principal reasons for people becoming homeless.
  9. The major effects of antibiotics on our body.
  10. Why are so many people afraid of medical institutions and doctors? What makes them stay at home instead of visiting a hospital?
  11. Can we live without smartphones? Find out and analyze the main effects it has on us.
  12. What are the causes of heart attacks before one reaches 30?
  13. Why shouldn't people neglect frequent dental check-ups?
  14. 3D educational games in learning activities at higher educational establishments.
  15. Do social networking sites influence the behavior of teens?
  16. Can the use of diapers be the cause of male sterility?
  17. What can truly inspire students to improve their grades and study better?
  18. Why should people read books? What benefits will they get?
  19. Give a brief description of the influence sports activities have on children's health.
  20. Can drug abuse irreversibly change the human mind?

Having laid out all the significant components of a good cause-effect essay, we wish you luck in your academic progress and hope that our writing advice will come in handy! Also, bear in mind that you can order this paper at any time from us and relax. We guarantee A-grade results for reasonable prices.

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