Literature review chapter writing

Literature review chapter writing - how to format it and what should be the order of the sources used

The literature review, common to coursework found in both the humanities and social sciences, may be prepared as a stand-alone document or as a portion of a larger document such as a dissertation or research proposal. When written as a separate chapter the literature review may still be considerable in length (based on the total size of the paper) and is generally in place to defend or justify a particular research endeavor.
the research in a particular field is necessary and how it would aid and build upon the research that is currently available.

Formatting your review

The beginning process of the literature review is pretty straightforward and generally begins with identifying relevant sources for a topic and then carefully reviewing each one. But the remaining steps, such as organizing gathered information and presenting it in a logical, coherent format (that supports the thesis statement) is usually where things get a little fuzzy.

So how exactly should you go about formatting your literature review?

Though there are different approaches to writing the literature review (some more specific to certain disciplines than others) essentially your review will be formatted based on the organizational approach that is best suited for your sources. For example, considering the notes that you have taken on each source, you may conclude that the best format may be either chronological, by theory, process, model etc.; all depending on the prominent patterns and themes presented in each work.
*In most cases the formatting stage comes at the very end (when much of the work is already done), but for the purposes of the literature review the steps of formatting should begin a bit earlier; during the notetaking stages of research.

Step 1: Get organized

As you take notes on each source you may find it helpful to create a chart or table to help you sort through all of the collected data. This process can begin as soon as you are able to determine a type of pattern or organizational method present in the literature. So for instance, if you start to see that things on this topic are organized by theory, you may want to create a chart accordingly. Or even if you don't notice anything right away you still may want to consider utilizing some type of graphic organizer later on down the line.

Step 2: Synthesize; don't just summarize

The main difference between synthesizing and summarizing is usually made apparent when looking at the paper as a whole, rather than in chunks and pieces. The idea is that, when you merely summarize a source you force it into isolation, separating it from other relevant sources and fail to indicate how it is actually part of a greater scheme (or interconnected with other concepts and ideas). With synthesizing you're able to properly fuse sources and have a better chance at effectively presenting your main argument.

And if you're still having trouble hashing out the difference between synthesizing and summarizing, consider this;

When synthesizing your information it's important to first think of things on a macro level (by envisioning the 'big' picture, or exactly what message you want the review to convey) and then to think and prepare things on a micro level (as if each source is the individual piece to a puzzle).

A few other things to keep in mind when putting everything together

  • If the purpose of your literature review is to justify your own research, then your argument should be carefully built around this (each discussion of a source leads the reader one step closer to realizing why your research is needed)
  • Always mention the groundbreakers or major players in your field or discipline (i.e. researchers or scholars that have made a significant impact in the literature) to help illustrate your understanding of the research that has been conducted thus far
  • Write as if you are holding your reader's hand and be sure to include guiding sentences in different places within each paragraph. Connect each source to the other and provide transition sentences to ensure coherence and unity throughout

Next, is there a set method for ordering sources when synthesizing?

As you discuss each source, the order that you choose to place them in should be in accordance with the point you are attempting to make or the 'picture' you are trying to paint. This may simply require first categorizing your sources under appropriate title headings and then placing them in an order that will make sense for each paragraph. Which is usually going from the broad to the specific.
For instance, you may begin writing about more general theories, models, or ideas, and then work your way down to the more detailed ones; this should provide you with a common ground to work with before addressing complicated issues.

Step 3: Spend time crafting your conclusion

Lastly, unlike in other essays or writings where the conclusion may not appear to play a very significant role, in the literature review the conclusion should be seamlessly connected to the rest of the essay. Because as you develop it you are also bringing your reader to a final concluding point regarding your sources, rather than simply reflecting or restating what was already mentioned. In other words, your review should be somewhat of an extension of your argument, ending with why your research is necessary, how it fills a gap in the current research, and similarly how the information presented supports your initial thesis statement.
*A more traditional ending may also be considered for stand-alone literature reviews. This includes restating the thesis, summing up the the major sources mentioned, addressing any problems or flaws in the research, and connecting or extending the specific subject matter to a larger area of thought. And though this may be more suitable for reviews that are not connected to a larger paper, some of this information can also be easily incorporated into a literature review chapter of a thesis or dissertation.
photo

Martha Buckly

Writer:

Martha Buckly

writer

Martha is a good freelance writer and loves sharing posts on different topics including tips and guidelines for articles and academic writing. Her professional experience helps to create interesting and useful material. writer

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 124157
ID 124157

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
(97.2%)
8 review about writer 124157

1394 written pages

156 orders

136 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 101630
ID 101630

MBA, PMP, ITIL

Rating 99.5%
(99.5%)
7 review about writer 101630

4028 written pages

504 orders

484 a+ papers

I am an MBA, PMP, ITIL writer that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 92859
ID 92859

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 99.1%
(99.1%)
9 review about writer 92859

2115 written pages

707 orders

665 a+ papers

I am an MS in Human Resource Management and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 89474
ID 89474

RN, MSN, PCN, PHN

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
6 review about writer 89474

4555 written pages

913 orders

831 a+ papers

As a medical worker (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 124855
ID 124855

MPA, MHA

Rating 99.9%
(99.9%)
8 review about writer 124855

489 written pages

62 orders

61 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 84133
ID 84133

DNP, BA, APN, PMHNP-BC

Rating 100%
(100%)
9 review about writer 84133

1583 written pages

529 orders

508 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 102166
ID 102166

PhD in American History

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
8 review about writer 102166

2907 written pages

416 orders

399 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 47072
ID 47072

MA, PsyD, LMFT

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
7 review about writer 47072

21030 written pages

2630 orders

2288 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99022
ID 99022

MEd, NCC, LPC, LMFT

Rating 97.1%
(97.1%)
9 review about writer 99022

1605 written pages

268 orders

260 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 107367
ID 107367

MSW, LICSWA, DSW-C

Rating 99.1%
(99.1%)
8 review about writer 107367

3095 written pages

345 orders

335 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51
Confidentiality

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.

Quality

All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.

Communication

Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.

Authorship

You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert

Originality

All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.

Samples

You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
63,000
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9/10
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92%
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #5598

Not that I hate biology or lack writing skills, but research papers take a lot of my time. It used to be hard to manage studying and a part-time job, but with your assistance, everything became much simpler! Now, I can order any paper from you and be confident about a good result.

Customer #4467

It's not my first rodeo, so I knew I'd receive a good essay, but you managed to exceed my expectations! The paper was delivered on time, everything was cool, thanks a lot!

Estimated Deadline: Sunday, Nov 08 3:30 PM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

services
Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
binder1
binder2
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of BestCustomWriting.com

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot