write a structured abstract

How to write a structured abstract

Can you imagine selecting articles for a particular project and having no other way to find out the relevancy of each one except by reading them all? Time consuming cannot begin to describe such a task! Thankfully, abstracts in general, and even more so structured abstracts, work to eliminate the guessing game associated with picking and choosing articles and papers. Quite easily and readily students and researchers can obtain all the necessary information they require to decide whether or not to pursue a particular article or paper-just by utilizing the abstract. This emphasizes the crucial role the abstract plays in each and every publication that allocates one for its readers.
Depending on your exposure to literature and scientific research you may be familiar with both the structured and unstructured abstract. Though they both serve the same purpose, the unstructured abstract, often found in the social sciences, humanities and other disciplines, resembles a short narrative style paragraph or set of paragraphs. Structured abstracts, on the other hand, are more defined and contain a clear format and structure that indicates all of the subheadings of a paper. They're usually common to disciplines in which the paper reflects a basic, Introduction, Method, Results, Analysis, Discussion (or IMRAD) format.

So exactly what purpose does the abstract serve?

Knowing the purpose of the abstract will undoubtedly assist you in preparing a quick and efficient summary of your work. As mentioned previously, the abstract is an easy and reliable means of evaluating a source for relevancy to a particular topic or project. This means that the wording you use, as well as the details you provide, should useful and helpful to the prospective reader. In addition to this, the structured abstract in particular, was designed for use in science and medical disciplines for the quick retrieval of necessary information and data. Though also suitable for the social sciences and other subject areas these two are the primary areas in which the structured abstract is frequently used.

A quick review of what the abstract should cover

Overall, the abstract should in fact cover all the main areas of the paper. In a sense it will also replicate some of the information presented in the Introduction portion as well. A snapshot of what to include can be seen below.
  1. A basic framework for the study (necessary background information etc.)
  2. A thesis statement, research question, and hypothesis
  3. The primary research methodology used
  4. An indication of the results or findings of the research
  5. Basic interpretations and implications of the findings

A detailed outline of the structured abstract

The process for creating a structured abstract is extremely straightforward and easy to follow. Often times the subheadings included are those that can be taken directly from your research paper or lab report. A common system to follow is the IMRAD format mentioned earlier (though there will be some alterations as IMRAD is intended for the text of the paper and not the abstract). In following these sections ultimately you will be covering all the key components of the abstract.

Background

This section should provide some brief background information on the study. Perhaps a sentence or two indicating the context of the problem, or a framework so to speak, to show where the research fits in with other work that has been conducted. This point is a beneficial one as new research should satisfy a significant 'gap' or 'missing link' found in previous research; and this point is usually only clarified with suitable background information.

Objective/Purpose

Secondly the objective should be simply stated indicating the exact intentions of the project. This would include the research question, thesis statement or hypothesis.

Research Design & Methods

This section is likely to be the largest portion and should include the research or experimental design that was used. You may start of by indicating specifically the participants or variables used in the study and move on to explain how the data was collected and analyzed. Though this encompasses several issues, it should really be detailed in no more than a few sentences. The idea is to be concise and succinct.

Results/Findings

Briefly state your results or major findings. The information that you indicate here should be directly connected to your research question as well as the research design and methods mentioned. Smaller and less relevant findings can be explained in further detail within the actual paper.
Additionally you may also indicate any conclusions that were drawn from your results (or how you interpreted the findings). Some people may choose to make the results and conclusions into a separate sections but one conclusory sentence can easily be added at the end of the results section (as the focus again is to produce a writing that is short and concise).

Situation concerns: the placement and format of the abstract

In most cases the abstract will be situated right after the title page of a research paper or lab report. In cases in which a table of contents is also utilized the abstract would receive a page number right along with other key sections of the work. Likewise, if utilizing the APA styling guide, (which is common to the sciences) the title 'Abstract' should be centered in the middle of the page followed by the body of the abstract, double-spaced with no indentations. Also a running header which reads a shortened version of the paper title should be at the top of the page. You also have the option of including a list of keywords at the bottom of your abstract. When adding this you should indent the length of a new paragraph and write the word Keywords in italics followed by a colon and the keywords you'd like to list. This should make your document more searchable in electronic databases.

Final tips

Abstracts, in essence, should be stand alone documents that properly summarize a work from beginning to end (without the reader ever needing to consult the actual text). This means that any unclear terms should be explained in the abstract and enough background information should be provided so that the reader has a full picture of what was studied and why. This is often the most crucial part of the abstract.
Lastly, any forms of references and citations should be left out of the abstract. All indications of sources should be fully and directly stated within the text of the paper (that is, no parenthetical citations, footnotes or endnotes in the abstract).

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 66257
ID 66257

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
(97.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 66257

3998 written pages

1336 orders

1216 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99423
ID 99423

MBA, PMP, ITIL

Rating 98.5%
(98.5%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 99423

4105 written pages

1028 orders

987 a+ papers

I am experienced writer with an MBA, PMP, ITIL, that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 151762
ID 151762

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 98.7%
(98.7%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 151762

2334 written pages

234 orders

227 a+ papers

I hold a MS degree in Human Resource and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 107367
ID 107367

RN, MSN, PCN, PHN

Rating 99.1%
(99.1%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (6) about writer 107367

2459 written pages

493 orders

463 a+ papers

As Registered Nurse (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99022
ID 99022

MPA, MHA

Rating 97.1%
(97.1%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 99022

2371 written pages

475 orders

432 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 117750
ID 117750

DNP, BA, APN, PMHNP-BC

Rating 97.4%
(97.4%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 117750

1549 written pages

519 orders

452 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 151822
ID 151822

PhD in American History

Rating 98.7%
(98.7%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 151822

1221 written pages

153 orders

148 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 47072
ID 47072

MA, PsyD, LMFT

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 47072

29508 written pages

2951 orders

2567 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 85466
ID 85466

MEd, NCC, LPC, LMFT

Rating 97.6%
(97.6%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 85466

13566 written pages

1939 orders

1900 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 115275
ID 115275

MSW, LICSWA, DSW-C

Rating 99.6%
(99.6%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 115275

2199 written pages

245 orders

223 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51
Confidentiality

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.

Quality

All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.

Communication

Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.

Authorship

You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert

Originality

All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.

Samples

You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
63,000
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9/10
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92%
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #4709

What a fool I was before trying your proofreading services. Just one day and what a result! You definitely made my essay shine bright like a diamond :D Not my last order, for sure!

Customer #2407

Overall services are worth the price I paid. Slightly delayed paper was ok since I placed an order in advance. I did save time on my own research and writing and could get ready for class without any stress. Thank you.

Estimated Deadline: Thursday, Jul 01 1:08 PM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

services
Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
binder1
binder2
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of BestCustomWriting.com

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot