research papers

How to Cite References in Research Papers

Research papers generally include a list of references that cites books, articles, databases, journals information that is abstracted from online sources such as Chemical Abstracts, Medline, scientific publications etc. Cross references in research papers also present readers and book enthusiasts with information that can be used by to search additional material and represents professional honesty and courtesy that is based on the responsibilities that writers share with readers; needless to mention, it also reflects scholarly authority. The sole purpose behind listing references at the end of the research papers is to facilitate readers with supporting information, ideas and evidence. The references cited must be precise and complete as accurately cited references help establish the writer's credibility as a serious author or researcher.

Research Papers - Referencing Tips

While writing a research paper, you must keep in mind a few tips that would help you cite relevant references in your work as well as provide valuable additional information. Throughout your research paper, which comprises of the introduction, discussion and the conclusion, you must refer to external sources of information in the most simplest means by using parenthesis which shares information on the authors last name followed by et al., year of publication etc. (for ex: Waterman et al., 2012). The next thing is to be sure to report the significant aspects of the work clearly and briefly in your own words, followed by relevant reference. Additionally, citing references would also be related to proper understanding of the available standard text citation formats.
Today, three styles of citation are most commonly used in research papers, (APA, MLA and Turabian). There are several exceptions among the various journals, but as a rule in biological journals, citations are indicated in red. In case of references to be cited from textbooks, the last name of the author (s) and the year of publication with the page number (Clarke., 1952: p.209) have to be provided. This helps the reader to be able to locate the exact page from which the citation has been made. Further, the references section at the end of the research paper must contain a complete list of references that can be looked up by the reader. In some instances, when you have only two authors, you need to cite both authors' last names (e.g., Click and Smith., 1981). Publications with more than two authors are generally cited by providing the first authors last name followed" or "et al" (co-workers), and then the year of publication.
If you would like to cite a research paper found in another paper or journal, you may follow the example provided (Lawson 1943, in Laatsch 1999). Alternatively, if you are citing a list of references, each reference must be separated by semicolons for ex: Lawson 1943; Clarke 2011; Laatsch 1990). In order to cite more complex or special resources such as manuscripts, legislative publications and audiovisual items, one needs to check various research and writing resources such as the Cyberspace Reference Library. Finally, you must remember to place of the period after the parenthetical citation - keeping in mind that the citation is also part of the sentence, e.g., "...principles of chromatography and its applications to biotechnology (Lawson 1943; Clarke 2011; Laatsch 1990)."
Keeping the above points in mind, you are sure to cite your references accurately.
photo

Martha Buckly

writer

Martha is a good freelance writer and loves sharing posts on different topics including tips and guidelines for articles and academic writing. Her professional experience helps to create interesting and useful material. writer

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 103589
ID 103589

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
(97.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 103589

4103 written pages

514 orders

499 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 132520
ID 132520

MBA, PMP, ITIL

Rating 97.3%
(97.3%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 132520

2648 written pages

531 orders

462 a+ papers

I am experienced writer with an MBA, PMP, ITIL, that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99423
ID 99423

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 98.5%
(98.5%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 99423

6106 written pages

1527 orders

1344 a+ papers

I hold a MS degree in Human Resource and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 121526
ID 121526

RN, MSN, PCN, PHN

Rating 99.3%
(99.3%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (6) about writer 121526

2266 written pages

454 orders

431 a+ papers

As Registered Nurse (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 110192
ID 110192

MPA, MHA

Rating 97.2%
(97.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 110192

2416 written pages

269 orders

264 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 127980
ID 127980

DNP, BA, APN, PMHNP-BC

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 127980

3558 written pages

396 orders

364 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 47072
ID 47072

PhD in American History

Rating 99.2%
(99.2%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 47072

14095 written pages

3525 orders

3314 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 156547
ID 156547

MA, PsyD, LMFT

Rating 97.9%
(97.9%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 156547

1195 written pages

399 orders

379 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 117750
ID 117750

MEd, NCC, LPC, LMFT

Rating 97.4%
(97.4%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 117750

7135 written pages

1428 orders

1328 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 124685
ID 124685

MSW, LICSWA, DSW-C

Rating 98.8%
(98.8%)
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 124685

1213 written pages

305 orders

281 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51
Confidentiality

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.

Quality

All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.

Communication

Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.

Authorship

You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert

Originality

All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.

Samples

You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
63,000
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9/10
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92%
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #4609

There is one thing that never changes – the high quality of your service! Apart from amazing paper, I like the fact that I can always contact my writer. This helps me control the process whenever I want and stay confident about the result.

Customer #2667

Definitely liked my paper. Research paper on social marketing and company analysis of IBM was done on time. Writing was up to my requirements with relevant sources used.

Estimated Deadline: Monday, Oct 17 8:55 AM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

services
Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
binder1
binder2
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of BestCustomWriting.com

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot