A research paper is a student's independent exploration of the particular problem. Such writing reveals his knowledge and the ability to apply it to solve specific practical issues. The research paper should be logically completed and demonstrate how successfully and correctly you can use competent terminology, state your thoughts clearly, and argue some assumptions. However, if you want to get the highest grade, it's not enough just to have extensive knowledge of your field and to hand your assignment in time. One of the main requirements for such type of writing is an appropriate structure of a research paper. Hence, if your paper is well-structured and its parts are logically interconnected, the whole paper would be more coherent and trustworthy for your audience. As a rule, every good academic writing that is done correctly has three main parts: introduction, the body part, and conclusions. And, each of these parts has its own peculiarities and requirements that must be followed, as well as some tips to make it more enjoyable and informative. Therefore, we have one central question: How to structure a research paper appropriately to get the best results? In this article, you are going to widen your knowledge about the main parts of the excellent research paper and develop your skills in analytics, logic, and creativity.
A basic structure of research paper is usually called IMRAD and consists of:
Besides, a refined paper could have the following additional components:
But keep in mind that different research papers could have different obligatory requirements, and it will depend on the instructions of your prof. That is why it's important to be extremely attentive in order to write your paper in the best way to satisfy all its needs. Of course, to know well everything about how to organize a research paper perfectly, you are to study in details each of its parts. Be sure that after reading some informative explications and instructions below you will become a real master of research papers and their structure will be just a piece of cake for you!
First of all, it is worth mentioning that a good introduction begins long before the introduction as such. Here we speak about the title page and the abstract. So, everything starts with the title page. Make sure that it contains the following points:
Also, you can specify on the title page such information as financial & equipment support, corresponding author or conflicts of interests (if needed). Then an abstract goes. It is a research paper summary, in which you make a brief overview of the aim, process and even results of the work you've done.
And finally, you can move to the research paper introduction. While writing an introduction, you are to answer the one central question: what is a primary purpose of your research and what results you want to get. A proper answer to this question will provide your research paper with a solid foundation. A useful tip for a successful introduction: try to make it intriguing and exciting; make your reader want to know, what's next.
Now, when we're done with the successful beginning for your research paper, it's time to take a closer look at its main part - the body paragraph.
In this part, you are to provide the detailed information about your research. The body paragraphs in a research paper consist of the description of the following aspects:
What should you know to make the body part of your research paper a refined one? Don't forget about the sources you can use in your research. It could be not only books or some useful articles you found on the internet. Be creative and try to use more diverse additional materials such as graphs and schemes, conduct different pools, look through previous studies on the chosen issue. Speaking frankly, you can include in your research paper almost everything you find appropriate. The main principle of all the references you are going to use in writing is that it should be not only interesting, but reliable, relevant, and real facts that will provide your ideas and studies with trustworthy pieces of evidence and grounds. Then, make sure that the body part of your research is well-organized and logically coherent to the reader. Be careful and don't overdo with a variety of evidence and facts.
As it was mentioned, there are two more important parts of a successful research paper: research results and discussion(if required). So, it's time to summarize all the results you've got and present it in the best way possible. In the conclusion part, you make up a report on your key findings. Don't forget about your central statement from the introduction part, and try to complete the logical circle of your thoughts and ideas. Try not to reiterate the information that was already mentioned - synthesize it!
If you want to make your research paper conclusion more informative and developed, you could add a discussion part to it. Here you will have to interpret your findings thoroughly and make them even more reliable and persuasive.
The research paper is an assignment that undoubtedly requires a lot of knowledge and peculiar skills to succeed in its preparation. But, as you can see, everything becomes simple being studied in details. So, we hope that our research paper structure guidelines will come in hand and will help you with writing your paper perfectly.