Sociology is primarily studying the human society or we can also say it to be a study of people and their groups, their customs and cultural practices. While sociology is a very broad topic, writing a research paper for sociology differs from writing a research paper on any other subject. The difference is that you might have to conduct more surveys to record the opinions and interests of different groups of people and not just research about a given topic. The basic rule is to choose a topic that excites or interests you. Once you narrow down to the topic of your choice, research more about the topic through reading books, internet, papers and articles in library, and then conduct surveys on different sets of people to collate all the information that you need for the research paper. Below are few topic ideas:
As the times keep changing, the requirements and lifestyle of human beings keep changing and eventually there will be few changes socially. Sometimes, these changes to the human society are not desired and often a group of individuals protest or resist and try to undo the social change. These group actions are called Social Movements. There could be many factors which influence people to oppose the social change in the best interest of human kind. There are many types of social movements and all of them usually will have a certain lifestyle after which they do not exist. In addition to this, there are several social movement theories like deprivation theory, mass society theory, Marxist theory, political process theory etc. You can choose to explore and discuss about any one of the theories in detail. Or you can also choose to study and research on any one of the social movements such as Brights Movement, Civil rights movement, Environmental movement, cultural movement, non-violence movement, student movement etc. You can also write about the similarities between any two movements that happened in two different parts of the world. And further, you can also choose to discuss about the effects of social networking sites on social movements.
There are many definitions of poverty and also poverty has been classified as absolute poverty, relative poverty, asset poverty etc. Poverty in broad terms can be defined as the state of being deprived of basic human needs. Depending upon the part of the world, that you are conducting a research to analyze the causes of poverty, you might find various reasons or causes of poverty. The most common causes of poverty are rapid increase in population, downfall in agricultural production, unemployment, inflation, and several other social and political factors. As part of your research you can also meet and interact with social workers of any non-profit organization to understand and gain more insight into the causes of poverty. You may wish to focus on a particular factor causing poverty and research more about it. You can discuss how the rise in population over the last few years has affected the supply and demand of goods, thereby causing a scarcity of goods to fulfill basic needs. The rate of economic development in few developing countries is lower than the expected or required level which creates a gap between the requirement of goods and their availability. You can include as many facts and examples that you get after reading, researching and hearing to people to make the research paper an effective one.
Children who live in a family environment where one of the parent abuses the other are affected largely in many ways. The effects of domestic violence on children often have a long term impact and certain factors influence the personality development of the child. Witnessing domestic violence may cause the children to get depressed and this affects their mental health. Though children might not show any such symptoms, they suffer internally and often tend to become more silent. Domestic violence also affects the child's social relationships at school or with friends in the locality. They might fear or feel ashamed of inviting their friends to home. Most common effects of domestic violence on children are, feelings of anger, sleep disorders, lack of trust, suicidal thoughts, restlessness, difficulty to concentrate, alcohol or drug abuse and other negative behaviors. Over the period, few organizations devised ways to counteract the effects of domestic violence on children such as, counseling children at school, provide safe and non-violent environment, discipline any form of aggressive behavior, encouraging children to talk about their dreams and feelings etc. You can write about any other effect that largely impacted someone you know or include any such incident from real life adding to the seriousness of the topic and also the research paper.
Race can be defined as variety of species that distinguish them from the other available species. Biologically, all the human beings are of the same race. However, based on few similarities and differences in some biological traits, human beings are further classified into races. Ethnicity on the other hand can be defined as the shared practices, cultural and religious beliefs that set a group apart from the others. The commonly found characteristics that distinguish ethnic groups are religion, heritage, ways of dressing, language etc. There are so many debates about race and most of the prominent biologists and sociologists believe the term race has been constructed socially indicating that it is distinction created by humans. You can write about how many countries are trying to replace the term race by ethnicity to indicate groups of people sharing religion or culture. You can talk about the protests on racism and how countries have developed policies and rights against racism. Race and ethnicity are topics which are considered sensitive and hence you have to be extra cautious to have your research unbiased and with the choice of words in your research paper.
Below are some more topic ideas for you to explore: