Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech, Pt. II

Writing a paper requires a good command of English. Learn the differences in parts of speech and practice use them based on the rules covered in "Parts of Speech: Part I". See Parts of Speech, Pt. I for nouns, pronouns, articles, and adjectives.
Writing a paper is a hard task and exhausting at the same time. You need to review all possible topic ideas to find the one that suites you the most. Start searching for relevant sources to support your topic and point of view. Try to always present your ideas clearly: even the best thesis will fall apart if you can't write well. Knowing the set of rules of English grammar is main source to good writing.


A verb describes an action or a state of being; it will tell you what the subject of the sentence is doing. In the sentence,
She opened the door and turned on the lights.
the subject, she, is doing two things: opening and turning. Note that the phrases "the door" and "on the lights" are not part of the verb. Instead, they're phrases that modify or take the action of the verb ("The door" is a direct object; "on the light" is a prepositional phrase.) Nouns that describe an action are known as action verbs.
Verbs that don't describe an action but instead describe a state of being are called linking verbs. In the sentence,
My sister is captain of her soccer team.
the subject, my sister, isn't completing any action. Instead, the linking verb is connects her with the description that comes later in the sentence. In other words, ising isn't something that you can do; it just describes something about you. All forms of to be (be, am, is, are, being, was, were, been) are always linking verbs, as are the verbs to become and to seem. Some verbs, including to feel, to look, to smell, and to appear can be either action or linking verbs. For example, in the sentence,
That pizza smells great.
smells is a linking verbs because the pizza isn't actually doing the smelling. Instead, smells links the subject, pizza, with a description. But in the sentence,
The dog smelled the flowers.
smelled is an action verb because the subject of the sentence, the dog, is performing the action of smelling. Here are a few more examples:
She appeared ready to take the test. (linking)
She appeared at the house without calling first. (action)
I feel like staying home tonight. (linking)
If you feel the sweater, you can tell how soft it is. (action)


Verbs are conjugated to indicate tense, that is, when the action happened. Unconjugated verbs are known as infinitives and have to form to + verb, i.e., to talk, to eat, to be. English has six basic tenses (there are a lot more, but these six will cover most situations).
Simple present: Describes action happening in the present moment (she talks, she eats, she is).
Simple past: Describes an action that was completed in the past and is usually formed by adding -ed to the end of the verb, although there are irregular verbs that have special spellings (she talked, she ate, she was).
Future: Describes something that will happen in the future, and is usually formed by combining will + the verb (she will talk, she will eat, she will be).
Present perfect: Describes actions that happened at an unspecified previous time and is formed by adding has/have + past participle (she has talked, she has eaten, she has been).
Past perfect: Describes action that happened before a separate action in the past and is formed by adding had + past participle (she had talked, she had eaten, she had been). For example, the use of past perfect in the sentence "We wanted to share the cake but she had eaten it all," shows that the action "she had eaten" occurred further in the past then the action "we wanted."
Future perfect: Describes an action that occurs before another action in the future or an action that will happen at a specific time in the future. It's formed by adding will have + past particle (she will have talked, she will have eaten, she will have been). For example, using the future perfect in the sentence "She will have eaten all the cake before we arrive," shows that the action "she will have eaten" will take place in the future before "we arrive."


English verbs also need to be conjugated to match the person of the subject of the sentence, for example, I talk, you talk, and she talks. Most verb conjugations are the same for 1st and 2nd person with a different conjugation for 3rd person, however there are exceptions. For example, the verb to be has different conjugations for each person (I am, you are, she is, we are, they are).


Like adjectives, adverbs are modifiers. But while adjectives modify nouns, adverbs modify verbs along with any other part of speech that isn't an noun, such as adjectives, prepositions, and even other adverbs. They answer the questions how, when, where, and why. In the sentence,
She left the party quickly, and happily drove home.
quickly modifies the verb left (how did he leave?) and happily modifies the verb drove (how did she drive?). In the sentence,
We eat pizza for dinner frequently.
frequently is an adverb that modifies eat (when do we eat?). In the sentence,
The kitchen was very green, but it would be quite expensive to repaint.
the adverb very modifies the adjective green (how green was it?), and the adverb quite modifies the adjective expensive (how expensive was it?).
Adverbs are usually formed by adding -ly to the end of adjectives. For example, the adjective slow becomes the adverb slowly, and the adjective loud become loudly:
We saw a slow turtle.
The turtle moved slowly.
Adjectives that end in -ic are turned into adverbs by adding -ally. For example, the adverb poetic becomes the adverb poetically. Other adverbs have irregular forms, for example very, quite, often, never, and well. Some words, known as flat adverbs, keep the same form whether they're adjectives or adverbs. These include close, deep, fast, and right. For example,
I am often unsure what to wear, but I knew the deep red dress was perfect.
When adverbs modify adjectives, they should come immediately before the word they modify, as in the example above.
There are few hard and fast rules for the placement of adverbs that modify verbs. In general, they can be placed before, after, or in the middle of verb phrases. For example, all three of these sentences are technically correct:
We are currently waiting on the test results.
Currently, we are waiting on the test results.
We currently are waiting on the test results.
Often the best way to judge if a sentence is well-written is just to read it out loud to see if it sounds correct.
Intransitive verbs (verbs that don't take an object), however, should immediately precede adverbs:
The girl talked loudly.


Prepositions are words that describe a spatial or temporal relationship (i.e., they describe how things are related to each other in space or time). Words like before, after, on, and throughout explain how things are organized in time, while words like under, with, at, and outside explain where something is:
We're going to have class outside.
We should eat dinner before we go to the concert.
We will be meeting at 7:00 p.m.
Nouns can be combined with prepositions to create prepositional phrases. For example, around the house, under the sea, and throughout the day.
Prepositions modify verbs, nouns, adverb, or adjectives:
We planted the roses in the shade.
(in the shade modifies the verb planted: where did we plant?)
She picture hung on the wall in the kitchen.
(in the kitchen modifies the noun wall: where is the wall?)
The girl felt happy with her gift.
(with her gift modifies the adjective happy: how was she happy?)


Conjunctions join two independent clauses (an independent clause is a clause that can stand alone as its own sentence). And, but, or, nor, yet, and so can all be conjunctions, and each has its own meaning.
And denotes that you are adding to what you're already said: "We ate dinner, and then went to see a movie."
But tells the reader that you are going to present a contrast or exception: "We ate dinner, but we didn't go see a movie."
Or presents an alternative: "We can eat dinner, or we can go see a movie."
Nor joins two negatives: "We didn't eat dinner, nor did we go see a move."
Yet tells the reader there is a contrast, usually one that is surprising: "We at dinner, yet we didn't go see a movie."
So presents a consequence: "We ate dinner, so we didn't go see the movie."

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 90763
ID 90763

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 90763

5700 written pages

1142 orders

1096 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 107367
ID 107367


Rating 99.1%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 107367

5766 written pages

721 orders

685 a+ papers

I am experienced writer with an MBA, PMP, ITIL, that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99423
ID 99423

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 98.5%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 99423

11104 written pages

1389 orders

1306 a+ papers

I hold a MS degree in Human Resource and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 156385
ID 156385


Rating 99.7%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (6) about writer 156385

2605 written pages

261 orders

235 a+ papers

As Registered Nurse (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99549
ID 99549


Rating 98.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 99549

5801 written pages

967 orders

890 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 127980
ID 127980


Rating 99.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 127980

2658 written pages

380 orders

342 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 125292
ID 125292

PhD in American History

Rating 99.5%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 125292

3836 written pages

427 orders

401 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 92876
ID 92876


Rating 100%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 92876

7433 written pages

1239 orders

1165 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 106387
ID 106387


Rating 99%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 106387

3583 written pages

359 orders

345 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 85466
ID 85466


Rating 97.6%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 85466

8723 written pages

2183 orders

1943 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.


All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.


Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.


You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert


All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.


You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #5589

To be honest, I'm pretty tired of writing about all those symbols, characters, and images in the novels. So, glad to have found your service! Your writers know how to prepare a perfect essay in two shakes ;) Thanks for fast delivery!

Customer #4667

Having such a great service to rely on is amazing! Instead of spending sleepless nights on writing, I can enjoy the freedom and still get through the semester! I never worry cuz I know that your writers will revise the paper if needed.

Estimated Deadline: Sunday, May 29 2:10 PM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot