develop a questionnaire for research

How to develop a questionnaire for research: useful tips and good example

Many surveys are conducted using questionnaires. This form of empirical research is very valuable for obtaining information about a particular population, group, community, concept or idea. The questionnaire is used for research in various disciplines such as psychology, sociology, education, and business.

Types of questionnaires

The two main types of questionnaires include self-administered and proctored or administered questionnaires. The self-administered forms are ones in which the respondent is expected to independently answer the survey questions while the proctored surveys are ones in which the questions are asked by an interviewer. The first category can either be done in-person (in which surveys are handed out) via the postal mail, electronically or online. Likewise, administered surveys can either be accomplished face to face or over the telephone. And the success rate of each can depend on several factors including your target population and how well they respond to each method.

Research objectives

A good question to ask before you begin your research is, What do I want to get out of my survey? When conducting research the goal of the researcher is to obtain as much suitable information as possible to help him or her come to a reasonable conclusion regarding their posed research question. Therefore, when sending out or administering a survey the hope is to receive a very high response rate from responders as well as the most correct and accurate information possible. Though many things can influence this, your goal should be to get as close to achieving this as possible. And many factors that will come into play are how you plan, format, and administer your research questionnaire.

Before you start

Before you can even formulate your first survey question you need to have a game plan in place to get the most out of every question asked.

1. What do you want to find out?

Using your research question you should be able to identify the dependent, independent, and confounding variables that need to be investigated. The dependent variables are the things that you care the most about (for instance if conducting a survey on eating habits these would be the specific eating habits of the respondents). The independent variables are things which are connected or related to the dependent variables (such as, education, income and socioeconomic status etc.). And finally, confounding variables are those things which affect the relationship between the independent and dependent variables.

2. What is your target population?

Accurately identify the group of people that can best help you answer the questions you have constructed. This includes pinpointing their geographic location, the best means of reaching them, and other important factors. For instance, if creating a questionnaire on eating habits in general you will likely be better off questioning an adult or head of household about eating habits rather than a child or teenager.

3. What is your method of administration and your method of analysis?

Firstly, you must consider the most effective means of administrating your survey to your target population. If questioning senior citizens for example, you may like to consider a telephone or face to face survey. Though if surveying young adults you may find that an online survey would be more suitable for that age group.
Additionally, you must identify exactly how you will go about interpreting the results you find. This isn't as complicated as it may sound. A key point to remember when preparing surveys is that closed questions (that provide only pre-selected answers) for example, will yield quantitative results, while open-ended questions (such as an interview-style survey) will yield more qualitative results; which are subsequently harder to measure.

Designing your questionnaire

Types of questions

There are three basic types of questions that you can offer your respondents;
  1. Closed: Closed options are questions most common to surveys; they only provide the responder with a designated set of answers. The responder is forced to choose one of the options listed.
  2. Open: These questions are open-ended and require that the responder speak, write, or type out their answer to a particular question.
  3. Open-response option: This form of questioning is ideal for many circumstances. It combines between both open ended and closed forms. For instance, the question may prompt the responder by providing a list of possible answers but then also insert an "other" category to allow for some variations from that list of answers.

Sample questionnaire

Please see below for sample questions using various types of questioning.

Eating habits

1. How likely are you to buy organic foods from the market?

Not At AllSomewhat LikelyLikelyVery LikelyExtremely Likely

2. How often do you eat from a fast food or take out restaurant?

  1. at least twice a week
  2. once a week
  3. twice a month
  4. once a month
  5. not at all

3. Please rank the importance of each item with 5 being the least important 1 being the most important.

______ eating at least 5 vegetables a day
______ buying from a store that supports fair trading
______ drinking juices that are 100% juice
______ avoiding processed foods such as chicken nuggets

Other important issues to consider

When preparing your questionnaire other things that you should consider include (a) word choice (b) question order (c) and survey layout. The words you choose will significantly impact the way in which your questionnaire is perceived by respondents. Choose clear and precise words that are easy and simple to understand as well as try and avoid negatives and bias questions.
Secondly, the way in which you arrange your questions should also reflect a bit of planning such as, general to specific or a mix of closed, open and open-option questions. The order should consider the best means of encouraging the respondent to answer all questions as accurately as possible. Lastly, the survey layout should include things such as an administrative box for evaluating each survey, proper spacing, easy-to-read fonts, and basic instructions as well as a cover letter (explaining to the respondent why you are conducting the survey and how they may contact you).

Our TOP writers

TOP 10
Writer 90763
ID 90763

Master's in Project Management, PMP, Six Sigma

Rating 97.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 90763

5700 written pages

1142 orders

1096 a+ papers

My Master’s degree and comprehensive writing experience allow me to complete any order fast and hit the nail on the head every time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 107367
ID 107367


Rating 99.1%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 107367

5766 written pages

721 orders

685 a+ papers

I am experienced writer with an MBA, PMP, ITIL, that consistently delivers unique, quality papers. I take pride in my experience and quickness.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99423
ID 99423

MS in Human Resource Management

Rating 98.5%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 99423

11104 written pages

1389 orders

1306 a+ papers

I hold a MS degree in Human Resource and my goal is to help students with flawless, unique papers, delivered on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 156385
ID 156385


Rating 99.7%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (6) about writer 156385

2605 written pages

261 orders

235 a+ papers

As Registered Nurse (RN, PCN), I can quickly deal with any medical paper. My expertise and writing skills are perfect for this job.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 99549
ID 99549


Rating 98.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 99549

5801 written pages

967 orders

890 a+ papers

I have MPA, MHA degrees but, most importantly, experience and skills to provide unique, well-written papers on time.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 127980
ID 127980


Rating 99.2%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 127980

2658 written pages

380 orders

342 a+ papers

I can write about multiple areas and countless topics, as I have a DNP and BA degrees. High-quality writing is my second name.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 125292
ID 125292

PhD in American History

Rating 99.5%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 125292

3836 written pages

427 orders

401 a+ papers

A PhD in American history comes handy. Unique papers, any topics, swift delivery — helping with academic writing is my passion.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 92876
ID 92876


Rating 100%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (7) about writer 92876

7433 written pages

1239 orders

1165 a+ papers

Incredibly fast PsyD writer. Efficient paper writing for college. Hundreds of different tasks finished. Satisfaction guaranteed.

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 106387
ID 106387


Rating 99%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (9) about writer 106387

3583 written pages

359 orders

345 a+ papers

Top-ranked writer with tons of experience. Ready to take on any task, and make it unique, as well as objectively good. Always ready!

hire writer
TOP 10
Writer 85466
ID 85466


Rating 97.6%
CUSTOMER REVIEWS (8) about writer 85466

8723 written pages

2183 orders

1943 a+ papers

Experienced Social Work expert focused on good writing, total uniqueness, and customer satisfaction. My goal — to help YOU.

hire writer

Buy your papers from the best writing service

Have your tasks done by our professionals to get the best possible results.

total: $8.51

NO Billing information is kept with us. You pay through secure and verified payment systems.


All papers we provide are of the highest quality with a well-researched material, proper format and citation style.


Our 24/7 Support team is available to assist you at any time. You also can communicate with your writer during the whole process.


You are the single owner of the completed order. We DO NOT resell any papers written by our expert


All orders are done from scratch following your instructions. Also, papers are reviewed for plagiarism and grammar mistakes.


You can check the quality of our work by looking at various paper examples in the Samples section on our website.

Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
more than 63,000 times students trusted us to write their papers
9 out of 10 customers recommend us*
92% of our customers have placed more than 7 orders
*data is based on 6,568 customers' feedback received from Jan 1, 2017 till Jan 1, 2018.
Special price $8.51/page
Place an order
Customer #5677

I got a B without any effort, what else can I dream of? Finally, I can forget about chasing the deadlines and immerse myself into the things I really like! Thanks for professional assistance!

Customer #4820

Gotta be honest - I totally skipped my homework to go to the concert. Singing along and jamming to my fav rock ballads was way more fun than sweating over a paper that can be done by professionals. Your expert really came through, you know, everything was done carefully, I got an A! You're the best, def will recommend you to my friends.

Estimated Deadline: Sunday, May 29 1:45 PM in Your timezone
Total price: $8.51
Price starts from $8.51
Regular discounts and offers
Excellent results guaranteed
Professional 24/7 support

Free samples of our work

There are different types of essays: narrative, persuasive, compare\contrast, definition and many many others. They are written using a required citation style, where the most common are APA and MLA. We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles.

Hey, you...Yes, you! Don’t you want to get your Discount?
Your discount will be
sent to the email!

I have read and agree to the Terms of Use, Money Back Guarantee, Privacy and Cookie Policy of

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Use your opportunity to get a discount!

To get your special discount, write your email below

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot

Best papers and best prices!

Want to get quality paper done on time cheaper?

  • dmca_logo
  • safecharge
  • trustpilot