Lab report help: how to write IMRAD outline
The IMRAD outline is one of the most common word that you will have to come across while doing various scientific researches and reports, for instance in the lab reports. Sometimes you may be wondering what it is all about. It is actually a format that is necessary to learn and understand in any scientific academic research papers. Some people call it the APA format but both mean the same thing. In short we can say this is the IBC format in a more defined version. The IBC format takes the Introduction, Body, Conclusion format, which is universally applied across all academic writing. On the other hand the IMRAD format comprises of five main stages while writing any academic paper
. The stages are as outlined below.
- Introduction (I)
- Materials and Methods (M)
- Results (R)
- Analysis (A)
- Discussion/Conclusion (D)
This is the first stage of any scientific lab report. This part mainly entails an explanation as to why a specific research was conducted. In a summary, you will give the questions you are trying to answer in the research and the related details as contained in the previous researches. In relation to the previous research, how did the information given make you decide to carry out your own research? In case your research is about improving or continuing with a previous project, the introduction part is what carries such details or information.
Materials and Methods (M)
This is the part of a lab report that contains the description of everything that you carried out in the research and how you carried out the research. For instance, you will answer questions regarding to what you used in the research, where you put them and how you made your observations.
The kind of data you may have recorded should also be shown on this part or lab report help
outline and how you made the recordings of the observed data. This part gives the details of your research for other people or readers to understand exactly what you were doing for purposes of imitation or carrying out the process to ascertain whether the results are true.
This is simply a data presentation of what you observed while carrying out your research or practice. Here, you simply indicate what you see, smell, feel while carrying out the research or experiment depending on the type of research involved in getting the results. Such issues as temperature recordings, the number of items involved and observed are tabulated here for the later stage of analysis. Therefore the data is presented on graphs and tables or charts for easy analysis. This is because things to do with numbering are best presented in this manner. This part is however dependent on the materials used to collect the data. For instance, temperature recordings should match with what was used to collect the results, which were in the materials and methods section of lab report help
showing the details on when and how the temperature was measured. This can further be made simpler by including a site description part in the materials and methods section to provide information concerning the environment or surrounding habitat around the area of study; in this case the lab environmental conditions at the specific time of carrying out the research or practical.
This is the section that explains the meaning of the information tabulated in the earlier sections of lab report help. The relationship of various data is carried here to help come up with a specific conclusion. For instance the number of counts of a certain data may generally represent a specific conclusion concerning a study or research carried out. The patterns in the results are also indicated in this section to show the relationship between various observations that were involved.
Discussion and conclusion (D)
This is the part that gives the answers asked in the introduction part of the research. This is also referred to as the conclusion to the study carried out. The main question to be answered therefore is whether your study revealed what you were intending to find out or were the results different from your expectations? What are the concluding remarks in regard to the analysis stage? Ideas concerning future research studies can also be incorporated at this stage.
All done, you only need to check out your work and ascertain whether everything is correct and in order.