It is arguable that contained within each paper are a series of structural components, and that each is no more integral to the validity, or the richness of the work itself. For most, writing in the academic arena, no paper is complete, literally, without a conclusion. A conclusion is just that, the section of the paper which comes structurally at the end of it. Although different dependent upon what type of paper it is, as to its main intention, in all instances, it is the lasting impression that you will leave with the reader about your finished product.
What is the conclusion?
Within any paper there must be two components included, the introduction and the conclusion. They are two of the most important sections, as they not only set the tone for the paper itself, they prepare the reader for what is contained within it. Being the most hard to write, they must both be clear, concise, yet creative and entertaining enough to keep the reader interested, convey the overall purpose of the paper, and leave the reader either wanting more, or satisfied with the information that they received from it. As much as the conclusion is the introduction into the paper, the conclusion is the introduction into how the reader is to use the information from it to extrapolate into their daily, or real lives. It is the part of the paper that they will take with them to use in real application.
A hefty bill, the conclusion is the way to broaden your issues, or ideas, into the lives of those who read it. It is your final chance to persuade those who are reading, that not only is your information worthwhile, credible and valid, it is worthy of using going forward in their lives. With so many things that individuals will read throughout the course of their life time, it is the section where you make them see that their lives have been enriched simply because of the things that you have written in your work, the points you have made, and the relevance that it has to the world.
How to write an effective conclusion
There are different strategies that you can use to increase the overall potency of your conclusion. When writing the conclusion to your paper it is always important to keep several things in mind to ensure that you are covering all the integral parts that you want, and form the conclusion that makes sense not just to you, but anyone who is reading it. There are certain things that you will want to add to your conclusion and to clarity. Keeping them in mind is a good idea to complete your ideas, thoughts, and information cohesively. Take the following steps when proofreading
or formulating your conclusion:
- It is important to have a purpose to your paper. If you initiate in the reader a "call to action", or propel them to do something with the information that you give to them. That is breathing life into your paper and forcing the reader to use it in a broader scope for their own betterment
- It is important to summarize your point, but it is not enough. You want to go over the major points made, but you need to make them relevant as you do so. The conclusion is where you take the points made and make them cohesive and tie them all together
- Make sure you have given the reader a reason to have read the paper. By rereading your paper and asking yourself what was the main intention of it, why would anyone care or want to read it, or what should they have learned from it, you can insure that you have covered the information thoroughly and made it poignant and relevant instead of faltering without any real purpose
- Take from the beginning and tie it to the end. Go back through the main points made in the introduction in the conclusion to make it a complete circle. The conclusion should make sense to the introduction as much as the introduction should tie into the conclusion. They are two parts the complete the paper and should be formulated that way
- Give the reader an example of how they can use the information for broader application. It will make your paper more relevant if you can make the reader feel connected to it in their own experiences, past or future
What types of things to avoid
- Don't resort to cliche phrases, or grandiose language which will overshadow your work
- Although it should contain a thesis statement about the paper, it should not be the first place that it is found
- Keep to the information you have presented. This is not the place to add in further arguments that are not contained within the paper previous to the conclusion
- The evidence belongs in the body of the paper, not in the conclusion. It is not a place to present your argument, it is a place to wrap it up
- In academic writing there is no place for hyperbole or emotional statements that are outlandish, or cannot be supported by reason, or the information contained within your paper
Many make the mistake of considering the conclusion just the ending of any paper and not giving it the proper attention, or relevance, that it needs to the overall work. The conclusion is one of the most important pieces, defining the intention of the paper itself, and leaving the reader with either a negative, or positive feeling about it. In the conclusion there are certain strategies that will enrich the paper, and those which will extract from the validity of it. Making sure to include the things that will aid in the richness of your paper, and avoiding those which will take from it, is important to the integrity of your piece of work and will leave the lasting impression that your readers take from it. When reading your conclusion you have to make sure that whatever the intention of your paper is, the reader is able to come to the conclusion that you intended. Not only a restatement of the thesis
, it is a place to tie in all the points made within the body of the paper, and leave the reader with the knowledge needed to broaden it for further application.